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Sex differences in the structural connectome of the human brain

Overview of attention for article published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, December 2013
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#38 of 43,989)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Readers on

mendeley
865 Mendeley
citeulike
6 CiteULike
Title
Sex differences in the structural connectome of the human brain
Published in
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, December 2013
DOI 10.1073/pnas.1316909110
Pubmed ID
Authors

Madhura Ingalhalikar, Alex Smith, Drew Parker, Theodore D. Satterthwaite, Mark A. Elliott, Kosha Ruparel, Hakon Hakonarson, Raquel E. Gur, Ruben C. Gur, Ragini Verma

Abstract

Sex differences in human behavior show adaptive complementarity: Males have better motor and spatial abilities, whereas females have superior memory and social cognition skills. Studies also show sex differences in human brains but do not explain this complementarity. In this work, we modeled the structural connectome using diffusion tensor imaging in a sample of 949 youths (aged 8-22 y, 428 males and 521 females) and discovered unique sex differences in brain connectivity during the course of development. Connection-wise statistical analysis, as well as analysis of regional and global network measures, presented a comprehensive description of network characteristics. In all supratentorial regions, males had greater within-hemispheric connectivity, as well as enhanced modularity and transitivity, whereas between-hemispheric connectivity and cross-module participation predominated in females. However, this effect was reversed in the cerebellar connections. Analysis of these changes developmentally demonstrated differences in trajectory between males and females mainly in adolescence and in adulthood. Overall, the results suggest that male brains are structured to facilitate connectivity between perception and coordinated action, whereas female brains are designed to facilitate communication between analytical and intuitive processing modes.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 510 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 865 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 30 3%
United Kingdom 19 2%
Germany 12 1%
Spain 11 1%
Japan 7 <1%
France 7 <1%
Canada 5 <1%
Switzerland 5 <1%
Brazil 5 <1%
Other 34 4%
Unknown 730 84%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 236 27%
Researcher 169 20%
Student > Bachelor 110 13%
Student > Master 106 12%
Professor > Associate Professor 55 6%
Other 189 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 267 31%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 210 24%
Medicine and Dentistry 109 13%
Neuroscience 68 8%
Computer Science 38 4%
Other 173 20%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1151. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 25 March 2017.
All research outputs
#997
of 7,437,750 outputs
Outputs from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
#38
of 43,989 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#27
of 172,716 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
#2
of 916 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 7,437,750 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 43,989 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 22.3. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 172,716 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 916 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.