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Neandertals made the first specialized bone tools in Europe

Overview of attention for article published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, August 2013
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  • In the top 5% of all articles scored by Altmetric
  • High score compared to articles of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High score compared to articles of the same age and source (99th percentile)

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mendeley
98 Mendeley
citeulike
1 CiteULike
Article title
Neandertals made the first specialized bone tools in Europe
Published in
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, August 2013
DOI 10.1073/pnas.1302730110
Pubmed ID
Authors

Marie Soressi, Shannon P. McPherron, Michel Lenoir, Tamara Dogandžić, Paul Goldberg, Zenobia Jacobs, Yolaine Maigrot, Naomi L. Martisius, Christopher E. Miller, William Rendu, Michael Richards, Matthew M. Skinner, Teresa E. Steele, Sahra Talamo, Jean-Pierre Texier

Abstract

Modern humans replaced Neandertals ∼40,000 y ago. Close to the time of replacement, Neandertals show behaviors similar to those of the modern humans arriving into Europe, including the use of specialized bone tools, body ornaments, and small blades. It is highly debated whether these modern behaviors developed before or as a result of contact with modern humans. Here we report the identification of a type of specialized bone tool, lissoir, previously only associated with modern humans. The microwear preserved on one of these lissoir is consistent with the use of lissoir in modern times to obtain supple, lustrous, and more impermeable hides. These tools are from a Neandertal context proceeding the replacement period and are the oldest specialized bone tools in Europe. As such, they are either a demonstration of independent invention by Neandertals or an indication that modern humans started influencing European Neandertals much earlier than previously believed. Because these finds clearly predate the oldest known age for the use of similar objects in Europe by anatomically modern humans, they could also be evidence for cultural diffusion from Neandertals to modern humans.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 58 tweeters who shared this article. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 98 Mendeley readers of this article. Click here to see the article's page on the Mendeley website.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Italy 2 2%
Portugal 2 2%
India 1 1%
United Kingdom 1 1%
Denmark 1 1%
Peru 1 1%
Ireland 1 1%
Brazil 1 1%
Spain 1 1%
Other 2 2%
Unknown 85 87%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Ph.D. Student 17 17%
Student (Master) 8 8%
Student (Bachelor) 6 6%
Post Doc 6 6%
Researcher (at an Academic Institution) 5 5%
Other 21 21%
Unknown 35 36%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biological Sciences 24 24%
Humanities 17 17%
Social Sciences 12 12%
Earth Sciences 5 5%
Psychology 2 2%
Other 3 3%
Unknown 35 36%

Score in context

This article has an Altmetric score of 495. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that this article has received. This score was calculated when the article was last mentioned on 03 February 2014.
All articles
#1,512
of 4,170,200 articles
Articles in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
#71
of 36,255 articles
Articles of similar age
#75
of 88,551 articles
Articles of similar age in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
#7
of 867 articles
Altmetric has tracked 4,170,200 articles across all sources so far. Compared to these this article has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all articles ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 36,255 articles from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean score of 14.5. This article has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older articles will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this score to the 88,551 tracked articles that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This article has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this article to 867 articles from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This article has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.