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Neandertals made the first specialized bone tools in Europe

Overview of attention for article published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, August 2013
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  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

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mendeley
116 Mendeley
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1 CiteULike
Title
Neandertals made the first specialized bone tools in Europe
Published in
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, August 2013
DOI 10.1073/pnas.1302730110
Pubmed ID
Authors

Marie Soressi, Shannon P. McPherron, Michel Lenoir, Tamara Dogandžić, Paul Goldberg, Zenobia Jacobs, Yolaine Maigrot, Naomi L. Martisius, Christopher E. Miller, William Rendu, Michael Richards, Matthew M. Skinner, Teresa E. Steele, Sahra Talamo, Jean-Pierre Texier

Abstract

Modern humans replaced Neandertals ∼40,000 y ago. Close to the time of replacement, Neandertals show behaviors similar to those of the modern humans arriving into Europe, including the use of specialized bone tools, body ornaments, and small blades. It is highly debated whether these modern behaviors developed before or as a result of contact with modern humans. Here we report the identification of a type of specialized bone tool, lissoir, previously only associated with modern humans. The microwear preserved on one of these lissoir is consistent with the use of lissoir in modern times to obtain supple, lustrous, and more impermeable hides. These tools are from a Neandertal context proceeding the replacement period and are the oldest specialized bone tools in Europe. As such, they are either a demonstration of independent invention by Neandertals or an indication that modern humans started influencing European Neandertals much earlier than previously believed. Because these finds clearly predate the oldest known age for the use of similar objects in Europe by anatomically modern humans, they could also be evidence for cultural diffusion from Neandertals to modern humans.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 116 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Spain 3 3%
United States 3 3%
France 2 2%
Italy 2 2%
United Kingdom 2 2%
Portugal 2 2%
Sweden 1 1%
Japan 1 1%
Australia 1 1%
Other 6 5%
Unknown 93 80%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Ph.D. Student 28 24%
Student (Master) 19 16%
Post Doc 12 10%
Student (Bachelor) 11 9%
Researcher (at an Academic Institution) 8 7%
Other 33 28%
Unknown 5 4%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biological Sciences 34 29%
Humanities 31 27%
Social Sciences 22 19%
Earth Sciences 11 9%
Psychology 3 3%
Other 10 9%
Unknown 5 4%

Score in context

This research output has an Altmetric score of 502. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This score was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 03 February 2014.
All research outputs
#2,333
of 4,725,905 outputs
Outputs from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
#106
of 38,180 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#86
of 91,466 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
#8
of 870 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 4,725,905 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 38,180 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean score of 16.8. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this score to the 91,466 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 870 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.